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Word "ខ្លួន " as Reflexive Pronoun

                      

 

Word "ខ្លួន " as Reflexive Pronouns

        Reflexive pronouns can be used to refer back to the subject of the sentence.  Prefix "ខ្លួន " which placed in front of Khmer pronoun to form reflexive pronouns in Khmer language.  For example which is taken from the reading text:

          ប្រទេសកម្ពជាមានប្រជាជនសរុបទាំងអស់ចំនួន ១១ លាននាក់។
ប្រជាជនខ្មែរភាគច្រើនជាកសិកររស់នៅក្នុងភូមិនាតំបន់ជនបទ។ នៅទីនោះ
គេដាំដំណាំផ្សេងៗ ដូចជាស្រូវនិងបន្លែ។ ប្រជាជនខ្មែរខ្លះធ្វើសម្ភារ:ប្រើប្រាស់
ដោយខ្លួនឯងដូចជា កញ្ចែ្រង ក្រមារ និងសំភារ:នេសាទ។
ផ្ទះនៅតាមតំបន់ជនបទភាគច្រើនច្រើនសង់លើសរសរខ្ពស់ពីដី។
សំណង់បែបនេះជួយធ្វើកុំអោយផ្ទះលិចទឹកនៅរដូវស្សា ហើយអាចបង្កើត
កន្លែងសំរាប់ដាក់សត្វពាហន: និងសំភារ:កសិកម្មផ្សេងៗ។ បន្បែមពីលើនេះ
វាជួយធ្វើអោយមានខ្យល់បក់ចេញចូលផង។

Here is the Table of Khmer Reflexive Pronoun

Singular and Plural Reflexive Pronoun

Subject/Object Personal Pronoun

Reflexive Pronoun

Khmer

IPA

English

Khmer

IPA

English

Note

ខ្ញុំ

kn)om

I

ខ្លួនខ្ញុំ

khluen kn)om

myself

It is a polite pronounce, used to address to the elder and  same age person.

អញ

qan)

I

ខ្លួនអញ

khluen qan)

myself

It is an impolite word, used to address to unrespectable person. Sometime, it can be used with closed friend but it is very sensitive.   I would suggest not to use this pronounce.

ឯង

qaeN

"You"

ខ្លួនឯង

khluen qaeN

  It is an impolite pronounce, used to address to the  younger.

យើង

yeeN

We

ខ្លួនយើង

khluen yeeN

ourselves

It is a polite possessive personal pronoun/adjective, used to address with the  elder, younger and the same age people.
វា

wie

it

ខ្លួនវា

khluen   wie

itself

It is used to address from the superior to the inferior, adult to child, otherwise insulting, human to animal.
គាត់

ko(et

he/she ខ្លួនគាត់

khluen   ko(et

his, hers /his, her

It is a polite unisex pronounce that is used to address respectfully from younger to older, adult to adult.
គេ

kee

he/she/one/ someone

ខ្លួនគេ

khluen   kee

his, hers /his, her

It is used to address to people that we don't know.
នាង

nieN

she/he

ខ្លួននាង

khluen   nieN

his, hers /his, her

It is a polite feminine pronounce that is used to address respectfully from the elder to the younger.

Example:

Khmer

English

ខ្ញុំ ចូលចិត្ដធើ្វអី្វផ្សេងៗខ្លួនខ្ញុំ ។ I like to do different things by myself
ខ្ញុំ ចូលចិត្ដធើ្វអី្វផ្សេងៗខ្លួនឯង ។ I like to do different things by myself

 

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