PRONUNCIATION

1.  Word ចង់
2.  Word ម៉ោង
3.  Word ផ្សារ
4.  Word ស្ករ

1.  Word ចង់  (to want)

    The diacritic bAntAq (  ) occurs on the top of the final consonant of a syllable and it is used to shorten the vowel of that syllable.  All Khmer consonant, there is an inherent vowel.  The inherent vowel for the first series consonant is /AA/ and second series consonant is /OO/.   In a syllable with invisible vowel, bantaq is used to shorten the inherent vowel.  The inherent vowel /AA/ changes to /A/ after the first series consonant and the inherent vowle /OO/ changes to /u/ or /u(e/ after the second series consonant.  The syllable (ចង ), first series consonant ( ) has an inherent vowel /AA/, therefore the pronunciation of this syllable is (cAAN).   When diacritic bAntAq (  )  is used on the top of the final consonant (ចង់) the inherent vowel changes from to /AA/ to /A/ which cause the pronunciation of syllable (cAAN) to (cAN).

Word Without Diacritic

Word With Diacritic

ចង

cAAN

to tie

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ចង់

cAN

to want

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គាត់ ចង គោ

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នាង ចង់ ទៅ ផ្សារ

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He ties a cow. She want to go to the market.

2.  Word ម៉ោង

    The diacritic mousekatoan (  ) on the consonant ( ) convert the second series consonant ( ) to first series consonant (ម៉ ).

Word Without Diacritic

Word With Diacritic

មោង

mooN

big stick

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ម៉ោង

maoN

hour or time or o'clock

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លោក យក មោង នោះ ទៅណា ?

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ឥឡូវនេះ ម៉ោង ល្ងាច

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Where do you bring that stick to? Now It is 5 O'clock in the afternoon

3.  Word ផ្សារ (market)

    The word ផ្សារ is pronunced in IPA (psaa) .   The consonant is remain silent.

Correct Spelling

Pronunciation

IPA

ផ្សារ

ផ្សា

psaa

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bulletIf the word is written with no consonant ( ) the meaning of the word is different.  It means heart or pain, but the pronunciation of the two words remain the same.

4.  Word ស្ករ (sugar)

     The word ស្ករ is pronunced in IPA (skAA).  The consonant ( ) is remained silent.

Correct Spelling

Pronunciation

IPA

ស្ករ

ស្ក

skAA

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