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1.  Word សួរ to ask 8.  Word លឺ or to hear
2.  Word សញ្ជាតិ nationality 9.  Word នាងកញ្ញា Miss
3.  Word ៏ក៏អព្ចឹាង so.. 10.   Word ចាំ to wait
4.  Word កន្លែង place 11.  Word ទន្លេ river
5.  Word អង្គរវត្ដ Angkor wat 12.  Word យន្ដហោះ airplane
6.  Word ថ្ងៃអាទិត្យ Sunday 13.  Word សណ្ឋាគារ hotel
7.  Word សប្បាយ happy 14.  Word អញ្ជើញ to invite

 

 

 

1.  Word សួរ  (to ask)

    The word សួរ is pronunced in IPA (sue) .   The consonant remains silent when it occurs in final position.

Correct Spelling

Pronunciation

IPA

សួរ

សួ

sue

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2.  Word សញ្ជាតិ  (nationality)

    When two consonants are pronounced consecutively within a word, the second consonant is written in a special sub-consonant from below the first consonant.  The sub-consonants are called [ceeN] of consonant "consonant feet".  The form of sub-consonant in most cases a smaller version of consonant, but without the top part of consonant which is called [sAq] (hair) of consonant.  The combination of consonant and the sub-consonant is called [pcieN domruet].   Initial clusters  are called  ( pcun) cnee)q psAm ) and medial clusters are called (pcun) cnee)q pn)ae ceeN ).  The sub-consonants are used as initial clusters and medial clusters.  When there is a consonant cluster, (including both an initial consonant and its sub-consonant), the vowel symbols are written around the consonant cluster (either before, above, or after the consonant cluster, and in some cases a combination of these). In all cases, however, the vowel is pronounced after the consonant cluster. 

    In general consonant ( ) could take sub-consonants ( ្ច ្ឆ ្ជ ្ឈ and   ្ញ្ញ ) as medial cluster.  The word សញ្ជាតិ , consonant takes sub-consonant  ( ្ជ ) as its medial cluster and the vowel (  ) on consonant ( ) is silent.

Correct Spelling

Pronunciation

IPA

សញ្ជាតិ

សាព឴្ញ ជាតិ

san) ciet

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3.  Word ក៏អព្ចឹាង (so...)

    The diacritic leik qahsdaa (  ) is also called leik prambey occurs only over the consonants ( ) and ( ).  It does not change the pronunciation of those two consonant.   This diacritic is used to distinguish the meaning of word ( ) which mean (neck) to auxilary word (ក៏ ) which mean (then) or in a combination word (អព្ចឹាង) mean (so am I or me too).

    In general consonant ( ) could take sub-consonants ( ្ច ្ឆ ្ជ ្ឈ and   ្ញ្ញ ) as medial cluster.  The word អព្ចឹាង, consonant takes sub-consonant  ( ្ច ) as its medial cluster.

Correct Spelling

Pronunciation

IPA

ក៏អព្ចឹាង

ក អព឴្ញ ចឹង

kAA qan) ceN

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4. Word កន្លែង  (place)

    Consonant ( ) could take sub-consonants ( ្ទ ្ដ ្ល  and  ្ស ) as medial cluster.  The word កន្លែង, consonant takes sub-consonant  ( ្ល ) as its medial cluster.  Because the first syllable is pronounced as the first series of consonant, therefore the sencond syllable have to follow the first series of consoant.   In this case the second series consonant ( ) which is seen as the sub consonant ( ្ល   ) chang to first series consonant ( ).

Correct Spelling

Pronunciation

IPA

កន្លែង

កន់ ឡែង

kAn laeN

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5.  Word អង្គរវត្ដ (Angkor wat)

    Consonant ( ) could take sub-consonants ( ្ក   ្ខ  ្គ ្រ  ្វ ្ស  ្ហ   and    ្អ  ) as medial cluster.  The word អង្គរ, consonant ( ) takes sub-consonant  ( ្គ ) as its medial cluster.  The consonant remains silent when it occurs in final position.  The syllable (វត្ដ ) consonant ( ) could take its own sub-consonants ( ្ដ  ) but it remains silent when it occurs in final position. 

Correct Spelling

Pronunciation

IPA

អង្គរវត្ដ

អង់ គរ វ៉ាត់

qAN kOO wo(et

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6.  Word ថ្ងៃអាទិត្យ (Sunday)

    The last syllable (ទិត្យ ), consonant ( ) could take sub-consonants ( ្យ   ) but it remains silent when it occurs in final position. 

 

Correct Spelling

Pronunciation

IPA

ថ្ងៃអាទិត្យ

ថ្ងៃ អា ទឹត

thNay qaa tet

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7.  Word សប្បាយ (Angkor wat)

    Consonant ( ) could take its own sub-consonants ( ្ប  ) as medial cluster. 

Correct Spelling

Pronunciation

IPA

សប្បាយ

សាប់ បាយ

sap baay

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8.  Word លឺ or(hear)

    The spelling of words "hear" is (លឺ or ).  Both of words have the same pronunciation. The the spelling of word (លឺ ) composed by consonant ( ) and vowel ( ) and the spelling of word ( ) is an independent vowel.  Both words are used interchangeable, but (លឺ ) has been introduced in the 1970s and word ( ) is the orginal of Khmer words.  Now, word ( ) is brought back to every writing.

 

Correct Spelling

Pronunciation

Posible IPA

លឺ

lhh

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9.  Word នាងកញ្ញា   (Miss)

    The consonant ( ) could take sub-consonants ( ្ច ្ឆ ្ជ ្ឈ and   ្ញ្ញ ) as medial cluster.  The word កញ្ញា, consonant takes sub-consonant  ( ្ញ្ញ ) as its medial cluster.

Correct Spelling

Pronunciation

Posible IPA

នាងកញ្ញា

នាងកព឴្ញ ញ៉ា

kan) n)a

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10.  Word  ចាំ  (to wait or to remember)spkr.gif (282 bytes)

    The word (ចាំ ) has two meanings and its pronunciation is also the same.  The first meaning is to wait and the socond meaning is to remember.

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11. Word ទន្លេ  (river)

    Consonant ( ) could take sub-consonants ( ្ទ ្ដ ្ល  and  ្ស ) as medial cluster.  The word ទន្លេ, consonant takes sub-consonant  ( ្ល ) as its medial cluster.

Correct Spelling

Pronunciation

IPA

ទន្លេ

ទន់ លេ

tOn lee

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12.  Word យន្ដហោះ (airplane)

    The compound word (យន្ដហោះ ) is a combiantion of  word machine (យន្ដ ) and fly (ហោះ).  The word (យន្ដ), consonant ( ) could take sub-consonant ( ្ដ  ) as medial cluster, but sub-consonant ( ្ដ  ) remains silent when it occurs in final position of word.

Correct Spelling

Pronunciation

IPA

យន្ដហោះ

យន់ ហោះ

yOn hAh

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13.  Word សណ្ឋាគារ  (hotel)

    The consonant ( ) could take sub-consonants ( ្ដ  ្ណ and   ្ឋ ) as medial cluster.  The word សណ្ឋាគារ, consonant takes sub-consonant  ( ្ឋ ) as its medial cluster.  The consonant remains silent when it occurs in final position.

Correct Spelling

Pronunciation

Posible IPA

សណ្ឋាគារ

សណ ឋា គា

sAn thaa kie

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14.  Word  អញ្ជើញ  (to invite)

    The consonant ( ) could take sub-consonants ( ្ច ្ឆ ្ជ ្ឈ and   ្ញ្ញ ) as medial cluster.  The word អញ្ជើញ, consonant takes sub-consonant  ( ្ជ ) as its medial.

Correct Spelling

Pronunciation

Posible IPA

អញ្ជើញ

អញ ជើញ

qan) ceen)

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