pronunciation_bg.gif (21444 bytes)

 

                                                                                                                        
1.  Word ចូលចិត្ដ to like 5.  Word ឆ័ត្រ umbrella
2.  Word កសិករ farmer 6.  Word ត្រជាក់ to be cold
3.  Word ៏ត្រូវការ to need 7.  Word ពាក់អាវ to wear
4.  Word បន្ទាប់មក after that 8.  Word រដូវរងារ winter season

 

 

1.  Word ចូលចិត្ដ  (to like)

    The syllable (ចិត្ដ ) consonant ( ) could take its own sub-consonants ( ្ដ  ) but it remains silent when it occurs in final position.

Correct Spelling

Pronunciation

IPA

ចូលចិត្ដ

ចូល ចិត

coul cet

spkr.gif (282 bytes)

Top

2.  Word កសិករ (farmer)

    The word (កសិករ ) is from Pali and it has three syllables.  The consonant (   )remains silent when it occurs in final position.

Correct Spelling

Pronunciation

IPA

កសិករ

កាក់ សិ ក

kak se kOO

spkr.gif (282 bytes)

Top

3.  Word ត្រូវការ (to need)

    The consonant (   ) remains silent when it occurs in final position.

Correct Spelling

Pronunciation

IPA

ត្រូវការ

ត្រូវ កា

trkew   kAA

spkr.gif (282 bytes)

Top

4. Word បន្ទាប់មក  (place)

    Consonant ( ) could take sub-consonants ( ្ទ ្ដ ្ល  and  ្ស ) as medial cluster.  The word បន្ទាប់មក, consonant takes sub-consonant  ( ្ទ   ) as its medial cluster.  Because the first syllable is pronounced as the first series of consonant, therefore the sencond syllable have to follow the first series of consoant.   In this case the second series consonant ( ) which is seen as the sub-consonant ( ្ទ    ) is pronounced as the first series consonant.

Correct Spelling

Pronunciation

IPA

បន្ទាប់មក

បន ទាប់ មក

bAn to(ep mOk

spkr.gif (282 bytes)

Top

5.  Word ឆ័ត្រ (Angkor wat)

    Diacritic Sanyok Sanha (    ) has the same value as vowel ( -   ).    Consonant ( ) could take sub-consonants (្រ   )  but it remains silent when it occurs in final position.

 

Correct Spelling

Pronunciation

IPA

ឆ័ត្រ

ឆាត់

chat

spkr.gif (282 bytes)

Top

6.  Word ត្រជាក់ (to be cold)

       Diacritic bantaq (    ) occurs on the top of the final consonant of a syllable ( ជាក់ ) to shorten the sound of that syllable.  The vowel ( - ) /aa/ followed by the bantaq will be pronounced shorter /a/ after the first series consonant and /o(e/ or /e(e/ after the second series consonant.  Because ( ) is a second series syllable, the vowel ( - ) /aa/ will be pronounced /e(e/.

 

Word Without Diacritic

Word With Diacritic

ត្រ ជាក

trA cieq

No meaning

ត្រ ជាក់

trA ce(eq

to be cold

spkr.gif (282 bytes)

Top

7.  Word ពាក់អាវ (to wear)

       Diacritic bantaq (    ) occurs on the top of the final consonant of a syllable ( ពាក់ ) to shorten the sound of that syllable.  The vowel ( - ) /aa/ followed by the bantaq will be pronounced shorter /a/ after the first series consonant and /o(e/ or /e(e/ after the second series consonant.  Because ( ) is a second series syllable, the vowel ( - ) /aa/ will be pronounced /e(e/.

 

Word Without Diacritic

Word With Diacritic

ពាក អាវ

pieq qaaw

No meaning

spkr.gif (282 bytes)

ពាក់អាវ

pe(eq qaaw

to wear

spkr.gif (282 bytes)

Top

8.  Word រដូវរងារ (winter season)

    All Khmer consonant there is an inherent vowel.  The inherent vowel for the first consonant is /AA/ and sedon consonant is /OO/.      The word រដូវរងារ has 4 syllables.  The consonant ( ) at the beginning of syllable (រដូវ) and (រងារ) could be pronounced with its inherent vowel.  Because consonant (   ) is a second series consonant, it take vowel /OO/ for the pronunciation.  The consonant (   ) remains silent when it occurs in final position.

Correct Spelling

Pronunciation

Posible IPA

រដូវរងារ

រ ដូវ រ ងារ

rOO douw rOO Nie

spkr.gif (282 bytes)

Top