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1.  Word ជនជាតិ nationality 7.  Word ក្រុមហឨុន Company
2.  Word បង្រៀន to teach 8.  Word ប៉ុន្ដែ but
3.  Word គ្រូពេទ្យ medical doctor 9.  Word ឯកជន private
4.  Word យូរៗ Once in a while 10.  Word ពត៌មាន information
5.  Word វិស្វករ engineer 11.  Word ខេត្ដ province
6.  Word អគ្គិសនី electricity 12.  Word បច្ចេកទេស technology

 

1.  Word ជនជាតិ  (nationality)

    All Khmer consonant there is an inherent vowel.  The inherent vowel for the first consonant is /AA/ and sedon consonant is /OO/.  The syllable (ជាតិ ),  vowel (  ) on letter ( ) is not pronounced.

Correct Spelling

Pronunciation

IPA

ជនជាតិ

ជន់ ជាត

cu(en ciet

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2.  Word បង្រៀន (to teach)

    Consonant ( ) could take sub-consonants ( ្ក  ្ខ  ្គ ្រ  ្វ  ្ស   ្ហ and  ្អ  ) as medial cluster.  The word បង្រៀន, consonant   takes sub-consonant  ( ្រ    ) as its medial cluster.    

Correct Spelling

Pronunciation

IPA

បង្រៀន

បង់ រៀន

bAN rien

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3.  Word គ្រូពេទ្យ (medical doctor)

    The spelling of (គ្រូពេទ្យ ), sub-consonant ( ្យ  ) remains silent  when it occurs in final position.

Correct Spelling

Pronunciation

IPA

គ្រូពេទ្យ

គ្រូ ពេទ

kruu-pEEt.

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4. Word យូរៗ (Once in a while)

    The full or partial reduplication sign Leiktoo ( ) is used to indicate that the word after which it occurs is to be repeated.

Correct Spelling

Pronunciation

IPA

យូរៗ

យូ យូ

yuu yuu

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5.  Word វិស្វករ  (Engineer)

    Word (វិស្វករ ) has three syllables.  Consonant ( ) could take sub-consonants ( ្វ ) an initial cluster.  Since this word is from Sanskrit, it is pronounced as illustrating in the table below.

Correct Spelling

Pronunciation

IPA

វិស្វករ

វិ ស្វាក់ ក

wii swak kOO

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6.  Word អគ្គិសនី (electricity)

    Word (អគ្គិសនី ) has three syllables.  Consonant ( ) could take sub-consonants ( ្គ  ) as a medial cluster.  Since this word is from Sanskrit, it is pronounced as illustrating in the table below.

Correct Spelling

Pronunciation

IPA

អគ្គិសនី

អាក់ គិស នី

qaakiseni

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7.  Word ក្រុមហឨុន (company)

       Diacritic treysap (  ) are used to convert four of the first series consonants  ស ហ ប and   which have no second series counterpart to the second series consonant សឨ ហឨ បឨ and អឨ  so that the vowel used with this consonant are pronounced with the second series value.

Word Without Diacritic

Word With Diacritic

ក្រុមហុន

krom hon

No meaning

ក្រុមហឨុន

krom hun

company

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8.  Word ប៉ុន្ដែ (but)

    Diacritic Mousekatoan ( " ) is used to convert six of the second series consonants ង ញ ម យ រ and which has no second series counterparts to first series consonants ង៉ ញ៉៉ ម៉ យ៉ រ៉ and វ៉ .  Diacritic Mousekatoan ( " ) is used to convert a first series consonant to ប៉ and from which ប៉  has the conterpart in the second series .

Word Without Diacritic

Word With Diacritic

បុន្ដែ

bontae

No meaning

ប៉ុន្ដែ

pontae

company

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9.  Word ឯកជន (private)

    Independent vowel ( ) is equla to regular vowel (   ) and it is pronounced (អែ )

Correct Spelling

Pronunciation

Posible IPA

ឯកជន

អែក កជន

qaek kecun

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10.  Word ពត៌មាន (information)

    Diacritic Robaat ( ) is the reflex of an original /r/ in Sanskrit word.  In most words, when robaat occurs over a final consonant, both the consonant and the robaat is not pronounced.  In some case, the effect of robaat is to chang the vowel to .  When the robaat appears over a medial consonant, robaat is pronounced.

Correct Spelling

Pronunciation

Posible IPA

ពត៌មាន

ពត៌មាន

pOedAAmien

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11.  Word ខេត្ដ (province)

    Word (ខេត្ដ ) has syllable.  Consonant ( ) could take its own sub-consonants ( ្ដ  ) and it remains silent.  This word has a different spelling (ខ្រែត, but pronunciation remains the same. 

 

Correct Spelling

Pronunciation

Posible IPA

ខេត្ដ

ខែត

khaet

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12.  Word បច្ចេកទេស (technology)

    Word (បច្ចេកទេស ) has four syllables.     Consonant ( ) could take sub-consonants ( ្ច   ) as medial cluster.

Correct Spelling

Pronunciation

Posible IPA

បច្ចេកទេស

ប៉ាច់ ចែ កា ទេស

pac cae kateeh

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