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1.  Word សណ្ឋាគារ ( hotel )

    Noun (សណ្ឋាគារ ) has three syllables.  Consonant ( ) could take sub-consonants ( ្ឋ ) as medial claster.  Consonant ( ) at the end of the word remains silent.  Consonant ( ) and ( ) have the same sound, loaned words from Sanskrit and Pali are often spell with ( ).

Correct Spelling

Pronunciation

IPA

សណ្ឋាគារ

សន់ ឋា គា

sAn-thaa-kie

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2.  Word ថោកល្មម ( reasonable price )

        Word (ថោកល្មម ) has two syllables.  Consonant ( ) could take sub-consonants ( ្ម   ) as initial claster.  In this case.

Correct Spelling

Pronunciation

IPA

ថោកល្មម

ថោក ល្មម

thaok lmOOm

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3.  Word ស្អាត (medical doctor)

    Consonant ( ) could take sub-consonants ( ្អ  ) as initial claster.

Correct Spelling

Pronunciation

IPA

ស្អាត

ស្អាត

sqaat

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4. Word កក់  ( to deposit )

    All Khmer consonant, there is an inherent vowel.  The inherent vowel for the first series consonant is /AA/ and second series consonant is /OO/.   The first series consonant ( ) has an inherent vowel /AA/, therefore the pronunciation of this syllable is (kOOk).  The diacritic bAntAq (  ) occurs on the top of the final consonant of a syllable and it is used to shorten the vowel of that syllable.

Word Without Diacritic

Word With Diacritic

កក

kAAk

to be frozen

កក់

kAk

to deposit

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5.  Word ទូរស័ព្ទ ( telephone )

    Word (ទូរស័ព្ទ ) has three syllables.  Consonant ( ) in the middle of this word is pronounced with its inherent vowel  /OO/.   Diacritic Sanyok Sanha (  ) is used in a certain loaned words from Pali or Sanskrit.  The syllable (ស័ព្ទ ), the diacritic has the same value as vowel (- ).  Sub-consonant ( ្ទ  ) found under consonant ( ) is not pronouned in syllable (ស័ព្ទ ).

Correct Spelling

Pronunciation

IPA

ទូរស័ព្ទ

ទូ រ សាប់

tuu-rOsap

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6.  Word ហ្នឹង ( that )

    Word (ហ្នឹង) has a syllable.  Consonant ( ) is silent.  Sub-consonant ( ្ន  ) is pronounced as a replacement to consonant ( ).   

Correct Spelling

Pronunciation

IPA

ហ្នឹង

នឹង

nhN

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7.  Word បន្ទប់ ( room )

   Consonant ( ) take sub-consonants ( ្ទ  ) as medial claster.  All Khmer consonant, there is an inherent vowel.  The inherent vowel for the first series consonant is /AA/ and second series consonant is /OO/.   The second series consonant ( ) has an inherent vowel /AA/, therefore the pronunciation of this syllable is (tAAp).    The diacritic bAntAq     (   ) occurs on the top of the final consonant of a syllable and it is used to shorten the vowel of that syllable.

Correct Spelling

Pronunciation

IPA

បន្ទប់

បន ទប់

bAn-tup

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8.  Word មាស៊ីនត្រជាក (airconditioning)

    The word (មាស៊ីនត្រជាក់ ) has four syllables.  Kbies kroam ( ) is used in lieu of diacritic Treysap (  ) when consonants are used with vowels ( ិ ី ឹ ឺ  ).

Correct Spelling

Pronunciation

IPA

មាស៊ីនត្រជាក់

មាស៊ីនត្រជាក់

ma sen trAA ce(eq

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