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1.  Word ភ្ញាក់ ( to wake up )

    Word (ភ្ញាក់ ) has two syllables.  Consonant ( ) could take sub-consonants ( ្ញ ) as initial claster.  The diacritic bAntAq (  ) occurs on the top of the final consonant of a syllable and it is used to shorten the vowel of that syllable.

Correct Spelling

Pronunciation

IPA

ភ្ញាក់

ភ្ញាក់

pn)eek

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Note:

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Consonant ( ) has two sub-consonants ( ្ញ  ) and  ( ្ញ្ញ ).

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Sub-consonant ( ្ញ  )   is used as an initial claster and ( ្ញ្ញ ) is used as a medial claster.

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2.  Word រូបចម្លាក់ ( statue )

        Word (រូបចម្លាក់ ) has three syllables.  All Khmer consonant, there is an inherent vowel.  The inherent vowel for the first series consonant is /AA/ and second series consonant is /OO/.   The first series consonant ( ) has an inherent vowel /AA/.  The inherent vowel for the first series consonant became shorter when it follows consonant ( ), therefore the pronunciation of this syllable is (cAm).  Consonant ( ) could takes sub-consonant   ( ្ល ) as a medial claster.  The diacritic bAntAq (  ) occurs on the top of the final consonant of a syllable and it is used to shorten the vowel of that syllable.

Correct Spelling

Pronunciation

IPA

រូបចម្លាក់

រូប ចម លាក់

ruup cAm laq

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Note:

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The inherent vowel for the first series consonant became shorter when it follows consonant ( ).

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3.  Word សារមន្ទីរ ( museum)

    Word (សារមន្ទីរ ) has four syllables.  Consonant ( ) in the middle of the words is usually pronouned as (raq).  Consonant ( ) could take sub-consonant ( ្ទ ) as a medial claster.  Consonant ( ) at the end of the word usually remains silent.

Correct Spelling

Pronunciation

IPA

សារមន្ទីរ

សា រាក់ មន់ ទី

sa raq mu(en thh

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4. Word បិទ ( to close )

    Word ( បិទ ) has a syllable.  There are two form of spellings.  When the word end with second series consonant ( ), it means (to close).  If the word end with first series consonant ( ), it means (to stick).  The pronunciation of the two words are the same.

Correct Spelling

Pronunciation

IPA

បិទ

បិត

bet

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5.  Word ការិយាល័យ ( office )

    Word (ការិយាល័យ ) has four syllables.     Diacritic Sanyok Sanha (  ) is used in a certain loaned words from Pali or Sanskrit.  The syllable (ល័យ ) ends in consonant ( ), therefore the diacritic has the same value as vowel ( - ).

Word Without Diacritic

Word With Diacritic

ការិយាល័យ

kaa ri yaa ly

no meaning

ការិយាល័យ

kaa ri yaa lay

office

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6.  Word វេជ្ជបណ្ឌិត ( doctor )

    Word (វេជ្ជបណ្ឌិត ) has four syllables.  Consonant ( ) in the middle of the words is usually pronouned as (ce(ek).   Consonant ( ) could take sub-consonant ( ្ឌ ) as a medial claster.

Correct Spelling

Pronunciation

IPA

វេជ្ជបណ្ឌិត

វេជ ជាក់ បន់ ឌិត

veic ce(ek bAn dht

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7.  Word ចន្លោះ ( between )

   Word (ចន្លោះ ) has two syllables.  Consonant ( ) take sub-consonants ( ្ល  ) as medial claster. 

Correct Spelling

Pronunciation

IPA

ចន្លោះ

ចន់ ឡោះ

cAn lAh

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8.  Word ថ្ងៃច័ន្ទ (Monday)

    The word (ថ្ងៃច័ន្ទ ) has two syllables.  Consonant ( ) could take sub-consonant ( ្ង ) as a initial claster.  The syllable (ច័ន្ទ ), the diacritic (   )   has the same value as vowel (- ).  Sub-consonant ( ្ទ  ) found under consonant ( ) is not pronouned in syllable (ច័ន្ទ្ទ ).

Correct Spelling

Pronunciation

IPA

ថ្ងៃច័ន្ទ

ថ្ងៃ ចាន់

thNay can

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