> note1_text
 

 Personal Pronouns

    One of the most difficult problems in Khmer for a foreign student is the choice of appropriate pronouns, because they are context oriented.  For example the personal pronoun are determined by the status of the speakers to the addressee.  Thus there are no general pronouns such as "you" which are appropriate for all situation.  The tables below provide the commonest Khmer personal pronoun and their explanation:

A.  First Person

Singular

Khmer IPA How to use

ខ្ញុំ

kn)om

It is a polite pronounce, used to address to the elder and  same age person.  "I" spkr.gif (282 bytes)
ខ្ញុំបាទ

kn)om baat

This pronounce is used the same way as "ខ្ញុំ ".  "I" spkr.gif (282 bytes)
គ្នា

knie

It is a polite word, used to address to the same age person.  "I" spkr.gif (282 bytes)
អញ

qan)

It is an impolite word, used to address to unrespectable person. Sometime, it can be used with closed friend but it is very sensitive.   I would suggest not to use this pronounce. "I"  spkr.gif (282 bytes)

Example:

Khmer

English

ខ្ញុំទៅសាលារៀន spkr.gif (282 bytes) I go to school
គ្នាដើរទៅផ្សារ   សុខចង់ទៅផ្សារជាមួយគ្នា ? spkr.gif (282 bytes) I walk to the market,

Do you want to go with me Sok?

 

Plural

Khmer IPA How to use

យើង

yeeN

It is a polite pronounce, used to address with the  elder, younger and the same age people.  "We" spkr.gif (282 bytes)
យើងខ្ញុំ

yeeN kn)om

This pronounce is used the same as pronounce "យើង".  "We" spkr.gif (282 bytes)
ពួកយើង

pueq yeeN

This pronounce is used the same as pronounce "យើង".  "We" spkr.gif (282 bytes)
ពួកគ្នា

pueq knie

This pronounce is used the same as pronounce "យើង".  "We" spkr.gif (282 bytes)

Example:

Khmer

English

យើងចង់រៀនខ្មែរ។ spkr.gif (282 bytes) We want to study Khmer.
យើងខ្ញុំជានិសិត្ស spkr.gif (282 bytes) We are students.
ពួកយើងរៀនខ្មែរជាមួយលោកគ្រូសំ spkr.gif (282 bytes) We study Khmer with teacher Sam.

 

footerleft.gif (855 bytes)

B.  Second Person

Singular

Khmer IPA How to use
លោក

look

It is a polite masculine pronounce, used to address to the  elder, younger or the inferior to the superior in a formal situation.  "You" or "Mr."

spkr.gif (282 bytes)
លោកស្រី

look srey

It is a polite feminine pronounce, used to address to the  elder, younger or the inferior to the superior in a formal situation.  "You" or "Mrs." spkr.gif (282 bytes)
អ្នក

ne(eq

Address to people who is approximately at the same age (You). spkr.gif (282 bytes)
ឯង

qaeN

It is an impolite pronounce, used to address to the  younger.   "You" spkr.gif (282 bytes)

Example:

Khmer

English

លោកចង់ពិសារគុយទាវទេ ? spkr.gif (282 bytes) Do you want to eat noodle soup?
លោកស្រីស្នាក់នៅឯណា ? spkr.gif (282 bytes) Where do you stay?
អ្នកឈ្មោះអី ? spkr.gif (282 bytes) What is your name?

 

Plural

Khmer IPA How to use
អស់លោក

qAh look

It is a polite masculine pronounce, used to address to the  elder, younger or the inferior to the superior in a formal situation.  "You all" or "Mr. all" spkr.gif (282 bytes)
អស់អ្នក

qAh ne(eq

It is a pronounce that is used to address to a rgroup of approximately the same age people.  "You all" spkr.gif (282 bytes)

Example:      

Khmer

English

អស់លោកមកពីប្រទេសណា ? spkr.gif (282 bytes) Where are you all from?
អស់អ្នកស្នាក់នៅឯណា ? spkr.gif (282 bytes) Where do you all stay?

 

footerleft.gif (855 bytes)

C.  Third Person

Singular

Khmer IPA How to use
វា

wie

It is used to address from the superior to the inferior, adult to child, otherwise insulting, human to animal "It" spkr.gif (282 bytes)
គាត់

ko(et

It is a polite unisex pronoun that is used to address respectfully from younger to older, adult to adult. "He or She" spkr.gif (282 bytes)
គេ

kee

It is used to address to people that we don't know. "He, She, One, or Someone" spkr.gif (282 bytes)
នាង

 

It is a polite feminine pronounce that is used to address respectfully from the elder to the younger. "He or Shel". spkr.gif (282 bytes)

Example:      

Khmer

English

ក្មេងនេះវាមកពីណា ? spkr.gif (282 bytes) Where is this kid come from?
គាត់រៀនខ្មែរនៅសាលាណា ? spkr.gif (282 bytes) At what school does he or she study Khmer?
គេចង់ទៅណា ? spkr.gif (282 bytes) Where is he or she want to go?
នាងនោះធើ្វការអីនៅស្រុកខ្មែរ ? spkr.gif (282 bytes) What does she do for a living in Cambodia?

 

Plural

Khmer IPA How to use  
ពួកវា

pueq wie

It is used to address from the superior to a group inferior, adult to a group of children, or human to a group of animal "They all" spkr.gif (282 bytes)
ពួកគាត់

pueq ko(et

It is used to address to a group of the same age people or to a group of older people. "They all" spkr.gif (282 bytes)
ពួកគេ

pueq kee

It is used to address to a group of unknown people. "They all" spkr.gif (282 bytes)
ពួកនាង

pueq nieN

t is used to address from the older people to a group of young feminine. "They all" spkr.gif (282 bytes)

Example:

Khmer

English

ថ្ងៃនេះមានក្មេងច្រើនណាស់មកលេង សួននេះ។ ពួកវាមកពីណា ?

spkr.gif (282 bytes)

Today, there are many children in this park.   where are they all from.
ពួកគាត់រៀនខ្មែរនៅសាលាណា ? spkr.gif (282 bytes) At what school do they study Khmer?
ពួកគេចង់ទៅណា ? spkr.gif (282 bytes) Where do they want to go?
ពួកនាងធើ្វការអីនៅស្រុកខ្មែរ ? spkr.gif (282 bytes) What do they do for a living in Cambodia?

 

Note:

footerleft.gif (855 bytes)