> grammar_note10_text
                                                                                                   

                                                                    

Present Tense with Connecting Verb (គឺ ) + Adjective

    1.  Affirmative Sentence with Connecting Verb (គឺ ) + (Adjective)

        The meaning of connecting verb (គឺ ) is  (be, is) as in the sentence below:

                                                                                                                                        

Subject

+

Connecting verb (គឺ )

+

Adjective

+

Adverb of Degree (Optional )

 

Example:

Affirmative Sentence with Connecting Verb (គឺ ) + (Adjective)

                

Subject

+

(គឺ )

+

Adjective

+

Adverb of Degree (Optional)

ព្រឹកនេះ

គឺ

ត្រជាក់

ណាស់

This morning

is

cold

very

ថ្ងៃនេះ

គឺ

ក្ដៅ

ណាស់

Today

is

hot

very

គាត់

គឺ

ចិត្ដល្អ

ណាស់

He

is

kind

very

នាង

គឺ

ស្អាត

ណាស់

She

is

beautiful

very

ពួកគេ

គឺ

ឆ្លាត

ណាស់

They

are

clever

very

ខ្ញុំ

គឺ

ទាប

ណាស់

I

am

short

very

 

Note:

Example:

Affirmative Sentence with Connecting Verb (គឺ ) + (Adjective)

                

Subject

+

+

Adjective

+

Adverb of Degree (Optional)

ព្រឹកនេះ

ត្រជាក់

ណាស់

This morning

is

very cold

ថ្ងៃនេះ

ក្ដៅ

ណាស់

Today

is

hot

very

គាត់

ចិត្ដល្អ

ណាស់

He

is

kind

very

នាង

ស្អាត

ណាស់

She

is

beautiful

very

ពួកគេ

ឆ្លាត

ណាស់

They

are

clever

very

ខ្ញុំ

ទាប

ណាស់

I

am

short

very

 

 

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    2.  Negative Sentence with Connecting Verb (គឺ ) spkr.gif (282 bytes) + (Adjective)

    The negative sentence of simple sentence, with connecting verb (គឺ ),  is form by inserting the negative word  ( មិន ) spkr.gif (282 bytes) after the connecting verb (គឺ ) and add particle (ទេ ) at the end of that sentence.  Particle (ទេ ) can be deleted from the negative sentence, but it doesn't sound natural.

Subject +

Connecting verb (គឺ )

+ មិន +

Adjective

+

ទេ

Example:

Negative Sentence with Connecting Verb (គឺ ) + (Adjective) + ទេ

                

Subject

+

(គឺ )

+

( មិន )

Adjective

+

Particle (ទេ )

ព្រឹកនេះ

គឺ

មិន

ត្រជាក់

ទេ

This morning

is

cold

ថ្ងៃនេះ

គឺ

មិន

ក្ដៅ

ទេ

Today

is

hot

គាត់

គឺ

មិន

ចិត្ដល្អ

ទេ

He

is

kind

នាង

គឺ

មិន

ស្អាត

ទេ

She

is

beautiful

ពួកគេ

គឺ

មិន

ឆ្លាត

ទេ

They

are

clever

ខ្ញុំ

គឺ

មិន

ទាប

ទេ

I

am

short

 

Note:

Example:

Negative Sentence with Connecting Verb (គឺ ) + (Adjective) + ទេ

                

Subject

+

( មិន )

Adjective

+

Particle (ទេ )

ព្រឹកនេះ

មិន

ត្រជាក់

ទេ

This morning

is

not

cold

ថ្ងៃនេះ

មិន

ក្ដៅ

ទេ

Today

is

not

hot

គាត់

មិន

ចិត្ដល្អ

ទេ

He

is

not

kind

នាង

មិន

ស្អាត

ទេ

She

is

not

beautiful

ពួកគេ

មិន

ឆ្លាត

ទេ

They

are

not

clever

ខ្ញុំ

មិន

ទាប

ទេ

I

am

not

short

 

 

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    3.  Interrogative Sentence with Connecting Verb (គឺ ) spkr.gif (282 bytes) + (Adjective)

    The interrogative clause, with connecting verb (គឺ ),  is form by adding particle (តើ ) at the beginning of the clause and follows by ( ឬទេ ) at the end of the clause.

តើ + Subject +

Connecting verb (គឺ )

+

Adjective

+

ឬទេ ?

Example:

Interrogative Sentence with Connecting Verb (គឺ ) + (Adjective) + ឬទេ ?

                

តើ

+

Subject

+

(គឺ )

+

Adjective

+

Particle (ឬទេ )

តើ

ព្រឹកនេះ

គឺ

ត្រជាក់

ឬទេ ?

is

This morning

cold

តើ

ថ្ងៃនេះ

គឺ

ក្ដៅ

ឬទេ ?

is

Today

hot

តើ

គាត់

គឺ

ចិត្ដល្អ

ឬទេ ?

is

He

kind

តើ

នាង

គឺ

ស្អាត

ឬទេ ?

is

She

beautiful

តើ

ពួកគេ

គឺ

ឆ្លាត

ឬទេ ?

are

They

clever

តើ

ខ្ញុំ

គឺ

ទាប

ឬទេ ?

am

I

short

 

 

Note:

Example:

 

Interrogative Sentence with Connecting Verb (គឺ ) + (Adjective) + ឬទេ ?

                

តើ

+

Subject

+

Adjective

+

Particle (ឬទេ )

តើ

ព្រឹកនេះ

ត្រជាក់

ឬទេ ?

is

This morning

cold

តើ

ថ្ងៃនេះ

ក្ដៅ

ឬទេ ?

is

Today

hot

តើ

គាត់

ចិត្ដល្អ

ឬទេ ?

is

He

kind

តើ

នាង

ស្អាត

ឬទេ ?

is

She

beautiful

តើ

ពួកគេ

ឆ្លាត

ឬទេ ?

are

They

clever

តើ

ខ្ញុំ

ទាប

ឬទេ ?

am

I

short

 

 

footerleft.gif (855 bytes)