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I.  Adverb of Time

    Adverb of time is very important in Khmer past tense, it provides precise information about past tense.   Adverb of time uses for past tense includes:

Adverb of Time
ពេលមុន peel mun last time
តាំងពីមុន taN pii mun before this time
ម្សិលមិញ msel mhn) yesterday
ថ្ងៃអាទិត្យមុន thNai qaa tit mun last week
ម្សិលមួយថ្ងៃ msel muey thNai the day before yester day
ថ្ងៃមុន thNai  mun last day
ខែមុន khae mun last month
ឆ្នាំមុន chnam mun last year
យប់មិញ yOp mhn) last night
កាលពីយូរណាស់មកហើយ kaal pii yuu nah mOOk haey once upon a time
ក្នុងបុរាណកាល knoN bo raane kaal in the ancient times
មុននេះ mun nih just or a little time ago

Note:

    Khmer adverb of time is usually found at the beginning or at the end of the sentence.

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II.  Past Tense

    The structure of past tense in Khmer language is different from English.  The past tense is formed by adding adverb of time to the beginning or at the end of the present tense.

    1.  Affirmative Sentence:

Affirmative Sentence for Past Tense

Adverb of Time for Past Tense

+

Present Tense

Adverb of Time for Past Tense

+

Subject

+

Verb

Adverb of Time for Past Tense

+

Subject

+

Verb

+

Object

Or

Affirmative Sentence for Past Tense

Present Tense

+

Adverb of Time for Past

Subject + Verb + Object

+

Adverb of Time for Past Tense

Subject + Verb + Object

+

Adverb of Time for Past Tense

Example:

Affirmative Sentence for Past Tense

 
Adv for PT + Subject + Verb +

  Object

ម្សិលមិញ

ខ្ញុំ

ទៅ

សារមន្ទីរ។

Yesterday

I

go to (went)

the museum.

ខែមុន

ខ្ញុំ

ជួប

សារ៉េត។

Last month

I

meet (met)

Saret.

យប់មិញ

ខ្ញុំ

យំ។

Last night

I

cry (cried)

ឆ្នាំមុន

គាត់

ទៅលេង

ស្រុកខ្មែរ។

Last year

he

visits (visited)

Cambodia

មុននេះ

នាង

មក

សាលារបស់ខ្ញុំ។

A little time ago

she

comes to (came)

my school.

ថ្ងៃអាទិត្យមុន

ពួកគេ

ស្នាក់នៅ

សណ្ឋាគារនេះ។

Last week

they

stays (stayed)

in this hotel.

ថ្ងៃមុន

ខ្ញុំ

ទិញ

កុំពូ្យទ័រមួយ។

Last day (one day in the past)

I

buy (bought)

a computer.

 

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    2.   Negative Sentence for Past Tense

    The negative sentence for past tense is formed by adding adverb of time to the beginning or at the end of the negative present tense.

Negative Sentence for Past Tense

Adverb of Time for Past Tense

+

Negative Present Tense

Adverb of Time for Past Tense

+

Subject + មិន or អត់ + Verb + ទេ

Adverb of Time for Past Tense

+

Subject + មិន or អត់ + Verb + Object + ទេ

Or

Negative Sentence for Past Tense

Present Tense

+

Adverb of Time for Past Tense

Subject + មិន or អត់ + Verb

+

ទេ

+

Adverb of Time for Past Tense

Subject + មិន or អត់ + Verb + Object + ទេ

+

Adverb of Time for Past Tense

Example:

Affirmative Sentence for Past Tense

 
Adv for PT + Subject + មិន + Verb +

  Object

+ ទេ

ម្សិលមិញ

ខ្ញុំ

មិន

ទៅ

សារមន្ទីរ ទេ

Yesterday

I

did not

go to

the museum.

ខែមុន

ខ្ញុំ

មិន

ជួប

សារ៉េត ទេ

Last month

I

did not

meet

Saret.

យប់មិញ

ខ្ញុំ

មិន

យំ

ទេ

Last night

I

did not

cry

ឆ្នាំមុន

គាត់

មិន

ទៅលេង

ស្រុកខ្មែរ ទេ

Last year

he

did not

visit

Cambodia

មុននេះ

នាង

មិន

មក

សាលារបស់ខ្ញុំ ទេ

A little time ago

she

did not

comes to

my school.

ថ្ងៃអាទិត្យមុន

ពួកគេ

មិន

ស្នាក់នៅ

សណ្ឋាគារនេះ ទេ

Last week

they

did not

stay

in this hotel.

ថ្ងៃមុន

ខ្ញុំ

មិន

ទិញ

កុំពូ្យទ័រមួយ ទេ

Last day (one day in the past)

I

did not

buy

a computer.

 

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    3.  Interrogative Sentence for Past Tense

    The interrogative sentence for past tense is formed by adding adverb of time to the beginning or at the end of the interrogative present tense.

Affirmative Sentence for Past Tense

Adverb of Time for Past Tense

+

Present Tense

Adverb of Time for Past Tense

+

តើ + Subject + Verb

+

ឬទេ

?

Adverb of Time for Past Tense

+

តើ + Subject + Verb + Object + ឬទេ ?

Or

Negative Sentence for Past Tense

Present Tense

+

Adverb of Time for Past Tense

តើ + Subject + Verb

+

ឬទេ

?

+

Adverb of Time for Past Tense

តើ + Subject + Verb + Object + ឬទេ ?

+

Adverb of Time for Past Tense

Example:

Affirmative Sentence for Past Tense

 
Adv for PT + តើ + Subject + Verb +

  Object

+ ឬទេ?

ម្សិលមិញ

តើ

នាង

ទៅ

សារមន្ទីរ ឬទេ?

Yesterday

did

she

go to

the museum?

ខែមុន

តើ

លោក

ជួប

សារ៉េត ឬទេ?

Last month

did

you

meet

Saret?

យប់មិញ

តើ

អ្នក

យំ

ឬទេ?

Last night

did

you

cry?

ឆ្នាំមុន

តើ

គាត់

ទៅលេង

ស្រុកខ្មែរ ឬទេ?

Last year

did

he

visit

Cambodia?

មុននេះ

តើ

នាង

មក

សាលារបស់ខ្ញុំ ឬទេ?

A little time ago

did

she

come to

my school?

ថ្ងៃអាទិត្យមុន

តើ

ពួកគេ

ស្នាក់នៅ

សណ្ឋាគារនេះ ឬទេ?

Last week

did

they

stay

in this hotel?

ថ្ងៃមុន

តើ

លោក

ទិញ

កុំពូ្យទ័រមួយ ឬទេ?

Last day (one day in the past)

you

buy

a computer?

 

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