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A.  Noun

    There is not much different between a noun in Khmer and a noun in English.  A noun is a word used to name a person, animal, place, thing and abstract idea. 

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B.  Noun Gender

    Many noun, like "គ្រូបង្រៀន " which means "teacher" can refer to men or women.  Once, many Khmer nouns would change form depending on their gender.   For example, A man was called "លោកគ្រូបង្រៀន" while a woman was called "អ្នកគ្រូបង្រៀន ".  The use of gender specific noun is quite common in some words.  Here are more examples:

                                             
Masculine Noun
                                            
Feminine Noun

Khmer

English

Khmer

English

នាយក Director នាយិកា Director
នាដការ Actor នាដការី Actress
កម្មករ Laborer កម្មការី Laborer
កុមារា Child កុមារី Child

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C.  Noun and Noun Specifier

   There are many kinds of noun in Khmer:  proper nouns, common noun, abstract nouns collective nouns, countable nouns and uncountable nouns.  Countable noun is a noun that we can count and usually it follow by a specifier.  Since Khmer nouns do not have the plural form like most English nouns that change their form by adding "-s" or "-es", Khmer countable nouns has the following word order:

                                                                                     

Noun

+

Number

+

Specifier

 

Example:

Noun

Number

Specifier

Note

គ្រូបង្រៀន

 ពីរ

នាក់

Specifier "នាក់" is used to count person such as friends, farmers, teachers, students and so on.

teacher

two

person

 

គោ

 បី

 ក្បាល

Specifier " ក្បាល "  is used to count animal such as cows, cat, dog by their head.

cow

three

head

 

ខ្មៅដៃ

 បួន

ដើម

Specifier " ដើម "  is used to count long cylindrical object such as stick, tree, pencil, pen and so on.

pencil

four

stick

 

ផ្លែក្រូច

 ប្រាំ

 ផ្លែ

Specifier " ផ្លែ "  is used to count individual fruit such as mango, watermelon orange.

orange

five

fruit

 

ទ្បាន

 ពីរ

គ្រឿង

Specifier " គ្រឿង "  is used to count object that involve with machinery such as car, motorbike, truck, airplane, and so on.

car

two

machine

 

ផ្ទះ

បួន

ខ្នង

Specifier " ខ្នង "  is used to count object that involves with building such as house.

house

four

  Specifier " ខ្នង " is difficult to translate, it has no counterparts in English. " a house with four sections of roof"

ចេក

 ប្រាំ

 ផ្លែ

Specifier " ផ្លែ "  is used to count individual fruit such as mango, watermelon orange.

banana

five

fruits

 

ចេក

 ពីរ

ស្និត

Specifier " ស្និត "  is used to count a hand of banana which may consist of 5, 6, to ten bananas.

banana

two

hand

 

ក្រូច

មួយ

ឡូ

Specifier " ឡូ "  is used to count any object or things with in a number of twelve" dozen"

orang

one

dozen

 

សាច់ជ្រូក

ពីរ

គីឡូ

Specifier " គីឡូ "  is used to measure the weight of object or thing.  One pound equal to 0.453 Kilograms

pork

two

kilogram

 

លុយ

១០០

រៀល

Specifier " រៀល "  is used to identify Cambodian currency.

money

100

riel

 

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D.  Noun Specifier

    Specifier is a word which specify the size, shape, amount, or kind of unit being counted.

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E.  Note on Noun Specifier