> grammar_note2_text
 

I. Intonation: Statement, Question and Question Particle

A. The Statement

Khmer

English

ខ្ញុំ សុខសប្បាយជាទេ

spkr.gif (282 bytes)

I am quite well.

 

 

Khmer

English

ខ្ញុំ សុខសប្បាយជាទេ

spkr.gif (282 bytes)

I am fine [of course]

 

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B. The Question

 

Khmer

English

លោកអញ្ជើញទៅណា ?

spkr.gif (282 bytes)

Where are you going, Sir?

 

C. The Question Particle ( Tae) តើ spkr.gif (282 bytes)

The question particle (តើ) are always occurs at the beginning of an interrogative clause in formal questions.   When the question particle (តើ) is used, it signal the fact that a question follows and the rising and falling intonation of question is not necessary.

For example:

Khmer

English

លោកអញ្ជើញទៅណា ?

spkr.gif (282 bytes)

Where are you going, Sir?
តើលោកអញ្ជើញទៅណា ?

spkr.gif (282 bytes)

Where are you going, Sir?

 

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II. Questions and Answers:

    Questions are formed in three ways in Cambodian, question requesting specific information, question requiring a yes or now answer and the question that occur without question particle or question words.

A. Questions Requesting Specific Information.

 

Question

Answer

ទៅណាហ្នឹង សុខ ?

Trans

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ខ្ញុំទៅណោះ មួយភ្លែត។

Trans

spkr.gif (282 bytes)

លោកអញ្ជើញទៅណា ?

Trans

spkr.gif (282 bytes)

ខ្ញុំទៅសាលា។

Trans

spkr.gif (282 bytes)

លោកមានការអីដែរ ។

Trans

spkr.gif (282 bytes)

ខ្ញុំចង់ជួបលោក សំណាង។

Trans

spkr.gif (282 bytes)

អ្នកឈ្មោះអី្វ ?

Trans

spkr.gif (282 bytes)

ខ្ញុំឈោ្មះ ផល។

Trans

spkr.gif (282 bytes)

 

B. Questions Requiring Yes or No Answer:

 

Question

Answer

លោកសុខសប្បាយ ទេ ? or

spkr.gif (282 bytes)

បាទ ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ។ spkr.gif (282 bytes)
លោកស្រីសុខសប្បាយ ឬទេ ?

spkr.gif (282 bytes)

ចាស ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ។ spkr.gif (282 bytes)

C.   Response Particles: Yes បាទ (baat) spkr.gif (282 bytes)  ចាស (caah)

Example:

Khmer

Response by women  Response by men
លោកសុខសប្បាយទេ ?

ចាស

 

បាទ

spkr.gif (282 bytes)
លោកស្រីទៅរៀនទេ ?

ចាទេ

 

បាទទេ

spkr.gif (282 bytes)

 

footerleft.gif (855 bytes)